Humans Are Herbivores

and ecologically defined like all creatures

is going vegan a lifestyle choice?

The human herbivore is a naturally ordered being with unique and well defined physical and behavioral traits, evolved to thrive within the natural order.

So, is going vegan a lifestyle (or individual) choice?

The short  (and natural) answer is “NO!”

As human herbivores, it is clear that Nature already made the choice for us millions of years ago when it was ‘decided’ along which evolutionary lines we would emerge.

The long answer is:

Modern dietary choices (or cultural preferences and availability) have been defined for humans not by anatomy, physiology and habitat (as is the case with other creatures) but increasingly by cultural traditions established tens of thousands of years ago.

The emergence of these unnaturally violent traditions probably co-emerged with sophisticated social hierarchies and their dependence upon violence (and those, i.e. soldiers, who would undertake violence in their service) to extend and insure elite dominance.

Indeed, the blind and automatic violence effected towards other creatures and the environment in general is the defining base for the present order of our global human society in which lives are not valued but position within the hierarchy is.

Within such an elitist culture, it is easy to predict continuous forms of slavery and exploitation as well as gluttony and starvation and the many other ills that plague elite controlled human societies.

If we do not recover our natural sanity and turn from this militaristic, regimented and elitist model for society that assumes no fault (even divine right, individual choice, etc.) as it violates all natural precepts, we may soon end the human experience on this planet.

Going Vegan is not a ‘lifestyle choice’. The choice was made within the workings of Natural Law. We are human herbivores and thus by Natural Law, we are mandated to eat an all plant-based diet and abstain from all forms of unnatural violence, including murder for the purpose of consuming flesh.

No species is an island.

We are all inextricably connected and interdependent. Laws of nature bind us and govern our interactions, our possibilities and limitations.

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human anatomy and physiology



Dr. T. Colin Campbell, professor emeritus at Cornell University and author of The China Study, explains that in fact, we only recently (historically speaking) began eating meat, and that the inclusion of meat in our diet came well after we became who we are today. He explains that "the birth of agriculture only started about 10,000 years ago at a time when it became considerably more convenient to herd animals. This is not nearly as long as the time [that] fashioned our basic biochemical functionality (at least tens of millions of years) and which functionality depends on the nutrient composition of plant-based foods."

Our faculties are co-evolved to allow certain niche behaviors and not others.

 “Early humans simply couldn’t eat meat.” Donna Hart, Ph.D. & Robert Sussman, Ph.D. Man the Hunted: Primates, Predators, and Human Evolution

Respecting our co-evolved faculties enables ecology to work for us and enables us to support the general ecology.

Comparative Anatomy of Eating Chart by Milton Mills, MD.

Misfit? Mouse Pad Facial Muscles
CARNIVORE: Reduced to allow wide mouth gape
HERBIVORE: Well-developed
HUMAN: Well-developed

Jaw Type
CARNIVORE: Angle not expanded
HERBIVORE: Expanded angle
OMNIVORE: Angle not expanded
HUMAN: Expanded angle

Jaw Joint Location
CARNIVORE: On same plane as molar teeth
HERBIVORE: Above the plane of the molars
OMNIVORE: On same plane as molar teeth
HUMAN: Above the plane of the molars

Jaw Motion
CARNIVORE: Shearing; minimal side-to-side motion
HERBIVORE: No shear; good side-to-side, front-to-back
OMNIVORE: Shearing; minimal side-to-side
HUMAN: No shear; good side-to-side, front-to-back

Major Jaw Muscles
CARNIVORE: Temporalis
HERBIVORE: Masseter and pterygoids
OMNIVORE: Temporalis
HUMAN: Masseter and pterygoids

Mouth Opening vs. Head Size
HUMAN: Small

Teeth: Incisors
CARNIVORE: Short and pointed
HERBIVORE: Broad, flattened and spade shaped
OMNIVORE: Short and pointed
HUMAN: Broad, flattened and spade shaped

Teeth: Canines
CARNIVORE: Long, sharp and curved
HERBIVORE: Dull and short or long (for defense), or none
OMNIVORE: Long, sharp and curved
HUMAN: Short and blunted

Teeth: Molars
CARNIVORE: Sharp, jagged and blade shaped
HERBIVORE: Flattened with cusps vs complex surface
OMNIVORE: Sharp blades and/or flattened
HUMAN: Flattened with nodular cusps

CARNIVORE: None; swallows food whole
HERBIVORE: Extensive chewing necessary
OMNIVORE: Swallows food whole and/or simple crushing
HUMAN: Extensive chewing necessary

CARNIVORE: No digestive enzymes
HERBIVORE: Carbohydrate digesting enzymes
OMNIVORE: No digestive enzymes
HUMAN: Carbohydrate digesting enzymes

Stomach Type
HERBIVORE: Simple or multiple chambers
HUMAN: Simple

Stomach Acidity
CARNIVORE: Less than or equal to pH 1 with food in stomach
HERBIVORE: pH 4 to 5 with food in stomach
OMNIVORE: Less than or equal to pH 1 with food in stomach
HUMAN: pH 4 to 5 with food in stomach

Stomach Capacity
CARNIVORE: 60% to 70% of total volume of digestive tract
HERBIVORE: Less than 30% of total volume of digestive tract
OMNIVORE: 60% to 70% of total volume of digestive tract
HUMAN: 21% to 27% of total volume of digestive tract

Length of Small Intestine
CARNIVORE: 3 to 6 times body length
HERBIVORE: 10 to more than 12 times body length
OMNIVORE: 4 to 6 times body length
HUMAN: 10 to 11 times body length

CARNIVORE: Simple, short and smooth
HERBIVORE: Long, complex; may be sacculated
OMNIVORE: Simple, short and smooth
HUMAN: Long, sacculated

CARNIVORE: Can detoxify vitamin A
HERBIVORE: Cannot detoxify vitamin A
OMNIVORE: Can detoxify vitamin A
HUMAN: Cannot detoxify vitamin A

CARNIVORE: Extremely concentrated urine
HERBIVORE: Moderately concentrated urine
OMNIVORE: Extremely concentrated urine
HUMAN: Moderately concentrated urine

CARNIVORE: Sharp claws
HERBIVORE: Flattened nails or blunt hooves
OMNIVORE: Sharp claws
HUMAN: Flattened nails

 Make Pie Tote Bag“When we kill animals to eat them, they end up killing us because their flesh, which contains cholesterol and saturated fat, was never intended for human beings, who are natural herbivores.”


“Because humans get atherosclerosis, and atherosclerosis is a disease only of herbivores, humans also must be herbivores.”

William C. Roberts, M.D., editor, American Journal of Cardiology

“Comparative anatomy teaches us that man resembles frugivorous animals in every thing, and carnivorous in nothing; he has neither claws wherewith to seize his prey, nor distinct and pointed teeth to tear the living fibre.”


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